What is alpha-1 antitrypsin used for?
THE alpha - 1 antitrypsin It is mainly produced in the liver and acts as an antiprotease. Its main function is to inactivate neutrophil elastase, preventing tissue damage.
What causes alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?
THE alpha deficiency - 1 antitrypsin (AATD) is a genetic disease that is manifested by pulmonary emphysema, liver cirrhosis and, more rarely, by panniculitis. AATD is characterized by low serum levels of AAT, the main protease inhibitor (PI) in human serum.
What is alpha-1 antitrypsin in stool?
THE Alpha - 1 -anti-trypsin in feces is a protein resistant to degradation by digestive enzymes, being used as an endogenous marker of protein loss through the digestive tract.
What is alpha-1?
THE alpha - 1 antitrypsin is a neutrophil elastase (antiprotease) inhibitor whose main function is to protect the lungs from protease-mediated tissue destruction.
What is alpha 2 high globulin?
Increase of alpha - two - globulin : Elevated proteins in this fraction may be indicative of nephrotic syndrome, Wilson's disease, hepatic degeneration, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and cerebral infarction, and may increase due to estrogen therapy.
What is alpha 1 acid glycoprotein?
THE Alpha - 1 Acid Glycoprotein also known as orosomucoid, it is the most important component of the mucoprotein fraction present in the serum, being the carbohydrate portion of the molecule related to the processes of modulation of the immune system, it has a molecular mass of 41 to 43 kDa, it is very acidic (pH 3.5), has a high content of ...
What does glycoprotein mean?
At glycoproteins are proteins that contain chains of oligosaccharides (glycans) covalently linked to side chains of polypeptides. The carbohydrate is linked to the protein in a translational or post-translational modification. This process is known as glycosylation.
Can it be considered Glycoprotein?
In a simple and direct way we define a glycoprotein as a type of protein that has in its chain a carbohydrate attached to that protein. At glycoproteins are relevant because they play an important role in the structure, reproduction, immune system, hormones and protection of organism cells.
What is ultra C-reactive protein?
the examination of ultra sensitive PCR it is requested by the doctor when he wants to assess the person's risk of having cardiovascular problems, such as a heart attack or stroke. In this case, the exam is requested when the person is healthy, without any symptoms or apparent infection.
What is reagent C-reactive protein?
THE C-reactive protein is protein produced by the liver, whose levels increase in value when there is some inflammation in the body. PCR is considered a reagent acute phase, that is, it increases in response to inflammation.
What is FR exam?
The rheumatoid factor test ( FR ) is the most useful immunological test for confirming rheumatoid arthritis. In this disease, IgG antibodies produced by lymphocytes in synovial joints react with other IgG or IgM antibodies, producing immune complexes, complement activation, and tissue destruction.
What does positive ANA mean in a blood test?
Positive results are those that remain glowing even after 40 dilutions (1/40 or 1:40 result). Therefore, a FAN reagent 1/40 means that the autoantibody was identified even after diluting the blood 40 times.
When the Positivo fan?
If the FAN comes positive indicating that the fluorescence was concentrated in the nucleus of the cells, forming a “thick speckled” pattern, there is a greater chance that this result is associated with lupus. If the fluorescence pattern is in the nucleus with a “dense fine speckled” aspect, we most likely have a healthy person.
What is a positive FAN test for?
The antinuclear factor ( FAN ), or anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), is a exam used as a screen for the presence of autoantibodies in cases of suspected autoimmune diseases.